This is a term paper I wrote on the subject of neuroscientific development in the area of detecting cortical areas for face perception. We were told it should be quite short, and is therefor not very expansive or cover the subject very well. Link can be found at the bottom of the post.
Cortical areas for face perception and face-selective neural responses in humans have been widely examined through history, and for a long time it has been known that the neural mechanisms of face recognition involve a network of brain regions in which the fusiform gyrus in the occipital lobe is a crucial component. This paper attempt to describe different neuroscientific methods in the field of cognitive neuroscience used to explore the cortical areas involved in face perception. The different brain mapping techniques and functional neuroimaging methods discussed will mainly be lesion studies and single-cell recordings, magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalograpy (EEG), and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Three different studies from three different time periods will be presented, showing a development of a multimodal approach producing ever more detailed information from unique methods regarding the underlying cortical network, and thereby revealing the causal role of specific cortical sites for face perception. The paper concludes that the future of neuroscience most probably will present even stronger and more sophisticated tools regarding brain structure and function, than what we see today, which will allow future students in the field of cognitive neuroscience to address and investigate questions of psychology in new and exciting ways.
Much of the paper is based on this article, which is more comprehensive: